Fifty years after its creation, Pakistan continues its search for stability. In August 1947, at the time of independence, Pakistan symbolized the wishes and expectations of the Muslims of the subcontinent, united under the leadership of Jinnah.

In August 1997, there seems to be a crisis of public confidence in the country's future. The reality of today's Pakistan is very different from the dream. This book is in the main the story of six of Pakistan's presidents—Ayub Khan, Yahya Khan, Z.A.Bhutto, Ziaul Haq, Ghulam Ishaq Khan, and Farooq Leghari—each of whom has, in his own way, directly or indirectly, contributed to the sense of betrayal and loss of confidence that is prevalent in the country. The author also examines the question of where sovereignty really lies in Pakistan and analyses critically the roles not only of the six presidents, but also of oliticians, bureaucrats, the judiciary, and the armed forces and concludes with an assessment of the implications for Pakistan's democracy of recent political events.

Pakistan A Dream Gone Sour
Secret and Confidential India, Pakistan, Bangladesh
Documents 1965-1973

This is a massive compilation of secret and confidential documents, recently declassified, concerning US policy and perception of momentous events iin the subcontinent from 1965-1973. It is probably the largest collection of such revelatory documnts in the history of the subcontinent. Although essentially historical in character, the documents chronicle events that have contemporary significance and affect vital matters of national importance even today.

The documents are drawn from State and Defense department files, and focus on the East Pakistan crisis of 1971, the breakup of Pakistan, and the first two years of Z.A. Bhutto's rule. The documnets consist of telegrams, airgrams etc., to and from the State Department: Memoranda of conversation with heads of governments, foreign ministers, important political leaders, confidential letters to the US President, and minutes of meetings at the State Department. The documents constitute the thoughts of American diplomats and the State Department about events in the subcontinent. The documents help in developing reasonabley a full picture of events in the subcontinent as seen through American eyes.

The documents constitute source material of immense importance to research scholars, historians, diplomats, students of history and international affairs, and the general reading public primarily in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh.

Secret and Confidential
India, Pakistan, Bangladesh Documents 1958-1969

Biritish Public Records selected for permanent preservation are normally openend to public inspection after they become thirty-years old. Documents may be closed for longer than thirty years; may be opened before thirty years have elapsed; or may be retained in the departments. Each of these courses of action requires the approval of the Lord Chancellor who is the minister reponisble for Public Records. Into the Foreign Office in London flowed a river of documentation from British diplomats, in India and Pakistan, charged with watching, monitoring, assessing and evaluation the ever-unfolding political drama in the subcontinent after independence.

The Biritish Papers includes reports of meetings with Heads of State and Government, important ministers, high dignitaries, political leaders, and critical analysis of the state of mind of the people in power and their political opponents. Also captured in these reports is the thinking and assessments of key players in the drama, the internal power struggle, shifting loyalties and Byzantine palace intrigues. The unprecedenceted trove of hitherto secret documents leads us through a well-stocked meseum of what now seems a distant time.

The book provides an extraordinary account of political events in the subcontinet, re-ignites old memories, reveals the power struggles, changing fortunes and fateful decisions that still haunt political life in the subcontinent. Taken as a whole, these papers reveal in extraordinary detail what the diplomats saw as they looked out from their vantage positions on the events unfolding around them and how they forecast the march of events. In these documents, one gets to observe the clash of personalities, the conflicts among the key players, their ambitions, their hopes, their prejudices and their frustrations. They are, above all, a journey through history. Future historians removed from the passions of the moment will find a study of these voluminous dispatches far more interesting.